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Volcanoes of Hokkaido (52)

Akaigawa | Akan | Birao | Chubetsu | Daisetsu | E-san | E-san Maru-yama | Hakodate-yama | Horohoro-Tokushumbetsu | Kariba | Komaga-take | Kumaneshiri | Kutcharo | Kuttara | Mashu | Musa | Nigorigawa | Nipesotsu-Maruyama | Niseikaushuppe | Niseko | Okushiri-Katsuma-yama | Onnebetsu | Orofure-Raiba | Oshima Maru-yama | Oshima-Ko-jima | Oshima-Oshima | Raiden | Rausu | Rishiri | Samakkenupuri | Sapporo | Shari | Shiitokoro | Shikaribetsu | Shikaribetsu Group | Shikotsu | Shiretoko | Shiretoko-Iozan | Shiribetsu | Soranuma | Tenchozan | Tengu-Hirayama | Tokachi | Tokachi-Eboshi | Tokachi-Mitsumata | Tomuraushi Volcanic Group | Unabetsu | Usu | Washibetsu | Yokotsu | Yotei | Zenikame
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Hokkaido is the northernmost of Japan's 4 main islands. Tectonically, it was formed by the collision of the Kuril Volcanic Arc with the Northeast Japan Volcanic Arc at the central part of Hokkaido about during the Middle Miocene (ca. 12 million years ago).

The volcanoes of Hokkaido belong accordingly to 3 different provinces:
1 the eastern region in the Northeast Japan Arc,
2 the central region in the arc-arc collision zone,
3 the western region representing the SW end of the Kuril Arc.

The chain of volcanoes ("volcanic front") parallel to the Japan and Kuril trenches runs E-W from the eastern region through the central region and then turns to N-S in the western region.

Source and further information: Introduction to the Landforms and Geology of Japan (GLGArcs)

Volcano list


(Stratovolcano 725 m / 2379 ft)


(caldera 1499 m / 4,918 ft)
Akan volcano (阿寒岳, Akan-dake) is one of Hokkaido's most active volcanoes. Akan consists of a large 24 x 13 km diameter caldera and a group of younger partly Holocene andesite cones. The highest point of the complex is the Mount Meakan (1499 m) stratovolcano.
The frequent hi... [more]


(Stratovolcano(es) 554 m / 1818 ft)


(Stratovolcano 1963 m / 6440 ft)


(stratovolcano 2290 m / 7,513 ft)
Daisetsu (also spelled Taisetsu or Taisetsuzan) volcano is a group of 8 stratovolcanoes, lava domes and a small 2 km wide caldera in the Daisetsu-zan National Park (the roof of Hokkaido) in central Hokkaido.
Asahi (旭岳 Asahi-dake) volcano is the highest peak of the vo... [more]


(stratovolcano / lava dome 618 m / 2,028 ft)
E-san (恵山(えさん) in Japanese) is the southernmost active volcano on Hokkaido. It is a small andesitic stratovolcano located in the southeast of the Kameda-hanto Peninsula extending into the Pacific Ocean from the south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait from Honshu.
It ha... [more]

E-san Maru-yama

(Stratovolcano 691 m / 2267 ft)


(Stratovolcano 333 m / 1093 ft)


(Stratovolcano(es) 1322 m / 4337 ft)


(Stratovolcano 1520 m / 4987 ft)


(stratovolcano 1131 m / 3,711 ft)
Komaga-take volcano (北海道駒ヶ岳) is one of Japan's most active volcanoes. It is located on the Oshima Peninsula of southern Hokkaido. The volcano is known for its violent and explosive, including Plinian eruptions. [more]


(Stratovolcano(es) 1635 m / 5364 ft)


(caldera 999 m / 3,278 ft)
Kutcharo (also spelled Kussharo or Kuccharo) is the largest of a cluster of calderas in NE Hokkaidoo, Japan, and contains Atosanupuri (アトサヌプリ) volcano.
The caldera formed during a series of major explosive eruptions between 340,000 and 30,000 years ago. The crescent... [more]


(stratovolcanoes 581 m / 1,906 ft)
Kuttara volcano is a group of small stratovolcanoes, lava domes, pyroclastic cones and a caldera near the Pacific coast SE of Toya caldera and SW of Shikotsu caldera in southern Hokkaido, Japan.
The area is known for some spectacular volcanic scenery:
Lake Kuttara... [more]


(caldera 855 m / 2,805 ft)
Mashu volcano is a 7 km wide caldera in NE Hokkaido, Japan.
The caldera formed ca. 7000 years ago and truncates a stratovolcano which formed the ESE rim of the large Kutcharo caldera to the west. The steep-walled Mashu caldera contains Lake Mashu (摩周湖 Mashū-ko), known for ... [more]


(Stratovolcano(es) 1006 m / 3301 ft)


(caldera, hydrothermal field 356 m / 1,168 ft)
Nigorigawa (also spelled Nigorikawa) volcano is a geothermal field (Mori geothermal field) in the 3 km diameter Nigorikawa caldera on the shores of Uchiura Bay, southern Hokkaido, Japan. The caldera was formed during a major explosive eruption ca. 12,000 years ago. [more]


(stratovolcanoes, lava domes 2013 m / 6,604 ft)
Nipesotsu-Maruyama volcano is a group of overlapping stratovolcanoes and lava domes located east of Nukabira Lake and about 20 km east of Tokachi-dake volcano on Hokkaido Island, Japan.
The only historic eruption was a minor phreatic explosion from Maru-yama ("round mounta... [more]


(Stratovolcano 1883 m / 6178 ft)


(stratovolcanoes )
Niseko volcano (ニセコ火山群 Niseko-kazangun) is a group of stratovolcanoes and lava domes NW of Niseko city. The latest eruption of Niseko was a phreatic or magmatic eruption ca. 7000 years ago. At present, there is geothermal activity including hot springs and fumaroles at various lo... [more]


(Shield 428 m / 1404 ft)


(Stratovolcano 1331 m / 4367 ft)


(Stratovolcano(es) 1231 m / 4039 ft)

Oshima Maru-yama

(Stratovolcano 855 m / 2805 ft)


(Stratovolcano 282 m / 925 ft)


(stratovolcano 737 m / 2,418 ft)
Oshima-Oshima volcano (渡島大島 in Japanese) forms a small uninhabited 4 km wide island in the Japan Sea island 55 km west of the SW tip of Hokkaido in northern Japan. Oshima-Oshima's eruption in 1741 caused a tsunami that killed almost 1500 people. [more]


(Stratovolcano(es) 1212 m / 3976 ft)


(stratovolcano 1660 m / 5,446 ft)
Rausu volcano (羅臼岳 Rausudake) is an active stratovolcano on the Shiretoko Peninsula of NE Hokkaido. It is located on a ridge 5 km SW of Shiretoko-Iwo-san volcano, the NE-most active volcano in Hokkaido.
Rausu's summit contains lava domes. Young lava flows are visible on the... [more]


(stratovolcano 1721 m / 5,646 feet)
Rishiri volcano (利尻山, Rishiri-zan) forms is a small island about 20 kilometers west of the northern tip of Hokkaido. The andesitic stratovolcano last erupted ca. 8500 years ago and is strongly eroded. Erosion has sculptured a sharp-topped summit and steep radial ridges. The lates... [more]


(Stratovolcano 1063 m / 3488 ft)


(Shield 1294 m / 4245 ft)


(Stratovolcano 1545 m / 5069 ft)


(Lava dome 1336 m / 4383 ft)


(lava domes 1401 m / 4,596 ft)
Shikaribetsu volcano (然別火山群 Shikaribetsu-kazangun) is a group of lava domes west and south of Lake Shikaribetsu in central Hokkaido. They are part of the Daisetsuzan National Park. The volcanic group includes the peaks of Mount Ishikari (highest), Mount Yuniishikari, Mount Otofuk... [more]

Shikaribetsu Group

(Lava dome(s) 1401 m / 4596 ft)


(caldera 1320 m / 4,331 ft)
Shikotsu volcano is the large 15 x 13 km diameter caldera containing 360 m deep Lake Shikotsu (支笏湖 Shikotsu-ko), Japan's second largest crater lake and the northernmost lake which doesn't feeeze over in winter.
The small andesitic Tarumai (Tarumae, 樽前山 Tarumae-zan) stratovo... [more]


(Stratovolcano 1254 m / 4114 ft)


(stratovolcano 1563 m / 5,128 ft)
Shiretoko-Iozan (Shiretoko-Iwo-zan) volcano is an active stratovolcano on the NE tip of Hokkaido on the Shiretoko Peninsula. It is known as one of the many Japanese "sulfur mountains". During eruptions in 1936 and 1889, the volcano erupted molten sulfur.
The Shiretoko Peni... [more]


(lava dome 1107 m / 3,632 ft)
Shiribetsu-dake volcano is located SE of Yotei volcano in SW Hokkaido. The andesitic lava dome contains a 1.5 km diameter summit crater breached to the west. The last eruptions were several hundred thousand years ago. [more]


(Shield 1251 m / 4104 ft)


(crater rows 1,046 m / 3,432 ft)
Phreatic eruptions at Tenchozan occurred approximately 1,900 years ago. Towards the end of those eruptions there was a phreatomagmatic or small magmatic eruption. The chain of explosion craters, stretching from the NE to the SW, are considered to be a result of this series of eru... [more]


(Stratovolcano(es) 1796 m / 5892 ft)


(stratovolcanoes 2077 m / 6,814 ft)
Tokachi volcano (十勝岳 Tokachidake) is a group of stratovolcanoes and lava domes in central Hokkaido, Japan.
Frequent historical eruptions were mostly small to moderate phreatic explosions (VEI 1-2) and cluster in 5 periods: 1857, 1887 and 1889, 1925-1931, 1952 to 1962, and ... [more]


(Lava dome(s) 1291 m / 4236 ft)


(Caldera 700 m / 2297 ft)

Tomuraushi Volcanic Group

(Stratovolcano(es) 2141 m / 7024 ft)


(Stratovolcano 1419 m / 4656 ft)


(stratovolcano 737 m / 2,418 ft)
Mt Usu (有珠山) or Usu-zan volcano is Hokkaido is one of Japan's most well-known volcanoes, part of the active Toya caldera. The summit of Usu consists of several lava domes that formed in historic time.
The last eruption was in March 2000 - September 2001, when Usu erupted fo... [more]


(Stratovolcano 911 m / 2989 ft)


(Stratovolcano 1167 m / 3829 ft)


(stratovolcano 1898 m / 6,227 ft)
Yotei volcano (羊蹄山 Yōteizan) is a symmetrical andesitic-to-dacitic stratovolcano NW of Usu volcano on southern Hokkaido, Japan. The summit contains a 700 m wide crater and its flanks are cut by deep erosion gullies. The last eruption of the summit crater was about 5-6000 years ag... [more]


(Submarine -30 m / -98 ft)
Volcano news
Wed, 28 Nov 2018, 06:00

Akan volcano (Hokkaido, Japan) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 28 November-4 December 2018 (New Activity / Unrest)

JMA reported that the number of earthquakes with shallow hypocenters and epicenters near Ponmachineshiri Crater, a summit crater of Me-Akan (also known as Meakan-dake, which means Meakan Peak) of the Akan volcanic complex, increased at 1800 on 20 November. Another seismic increase occurred on 23 November, in number and amplitude of events, prompting JMA to raise the Alert Level to 2 (the second lowest level on a 5-level scale). ... Read all
Fri, 23 Nov 2018, 05:42

Akan volcano (Hokkaido, Japan) activity update: Alert level raised

A new earthquake swarm is occurring at the Meakandake cone so JMA has raised the alert level to 2. A similar event occurred 3 years ago. The last eruption was in 2008. ... Read all
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