La Palma volcano

Updated: Aug 8, 2022 12:05 GMT - Refresh
shield volcano 2426 m
Canary Islands, 28.58°N / -17.84°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 3 Jun 2022
Eruption of La Palma's Cumbre Vieja in Sep 2021 (image: Tom Pfeiffer)
Eruption of La Palma's Cumbre Vieja in Sep 2021 (image: Tom Pfeiffer)

The 47-km-long wedge-shaped island of La Palma, the NW-most of the Canary Islands, is composed of two large volcanic centers.

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Typical eruption style: effusive
La Palma volcano eruptions: 2021 (Sep - ongoing), 1971, 1949, 1712, 1677-1678, 1646, 1585
Lastest nearby earthquakes:
TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Monday, August 1, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Aug 1, 2022 10:29 pm (GMT +1) (Aug 1, 2022 21:29 GMT)
2.4

22 km
37 km (23 mi)
25 km northeast of Santa Cruz de La Palma, Spain
Friday, July 29, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jul 29, 2022 6:15 pm (GMT +1) (Jul 29, 2022 17:15 GMT)
2.2

8 km
3 km (1.9 mi)
18 km southwest of Los Llanos de Aridane, Spain
Wednesday, July 27, 2022 GMT (1 quake)
Jul 27, 2022 9:04 am (GMT +1) (Jul 27, 2022 08:04 GMT)
2.2

2 km
7 km (4.3 mi)
4.7 km southeast of Los Llanos de Aridane, Spain

Background

The older 2426-m-high northern one is cut by the massive steep-walled Caldera Taburiente, one of several massive collapse scarps produced by edifice failure to the SW. The younger 1949-m-high Cumbre Vieja, the southern volcano, is one of the most active in the Canaries. The elongated volcano dates back to about 125,000 years ago and is oriented N-S. Eruptions during the past 7000 years have originated from the abundant cinder cones and craters along the axis of Cumbre Vieja, producing fissure-fed lava flows that descend steeply to the sea. Historical eruptions at La Palma, recorded since the 15th century, have produced mild explosive activity and lava flows that damaged populated areas. The southern tip of the island is mantled by a broad lava field produced during the 1677-1678 eruption. Lava flows also reached the sea in 1585, 1646, 1712, 1949, and 1971.

La Palma Photos

Lava stream through town of Fatima, Colada V. San Juan, La Palma Isl., Canary Islands (Photo: WNomad)
Lava stream through town of Fatima, Colada V. San Juan, La Palma Isl., Canary Islands (Photo: WNomad)
 



La Palma volcano tours:
Europe's Volcanic Outpost (Walking and study tour to the Canary Islands: Lanzarote, La Palma, El Hierro and Tenerife)
La Palma Volcano Special (5-day tour to see the eruption and get to know the island with a volcanologist)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8 | NASA FIRMS
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