Get our newsletter!
Check out our volcano tours on VolcanoAdventures.com!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - app for iPhone & iPad

Guaranteed tours:
2-18 Nov 2019: Volcanoes and Spices - N-Sulawesi + Halmahera (Indonesia)
17-21 Nov 2019: Krakatau Volcano Special - Krakatau volcano (Indonesia)
17-30 Nov 2019: Desert, salt and volcanoes - Danakil desert (Ethiopia)
9-17 May 2020: From Stromboli to Etna - Eolian Islands + Etna volcano (Italy)
11-29 Aug 2020: Kamchatka - Land of Colors - Kamchatka (Russia)
: spaces available / : guaranteed / : few spaces left / : booked out
Random pictures

Tongariro volcano

complex volcano 1978 m / 6,490 ft
North Island, New Zealand, -39.12°S / 175.65°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Tongariro webcams / live data | Reports
Tongariro volcano books
Last update: 2 Oct 2018
Typical eruption style: explosive
Tongariro volcano eruptions: Eruptions outside Ngauruhoe, mainly on SSE flank (Red Crater): 6 Aug 2012, 1927 (?), 1926, 1896, 1890 (?), 1886, 1885±1, 1869, 1859, 1855, 1500 ± 50, 550 BC ± 200 years, 9350 BC (?), 9450 BC (?), 9650 BC (?), 9850 BC (?)
Eruptions from Ngauruhoe vent: 1975-77, 1972, 1968-69, 1962, 1958-59, 1956, 1948-54, 1939-40, 1937, 1934, 1931, 1924-28, 1917, 1913-14, 1909-10, 1904-07, 1897-98, 1892, 1883, 1881, 1878, 1875, 1869-70, 1862-64, 1857, 1844, 1841, 1839, 550 BC ± 200
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Sun, 13 Oct 2019
Sun, 13 Oct 18:00 UTCM 2.1 / 78.4 km14 kmNew Zealand
Sat, 12 Oct 2019
Sat, 12 Oct 11:55 UTCM 0.5 / 101.5 km22 kmNew Zealand
Mon, 7 Oct 2019
Mon, 7 Oct 15:15 UTCM 0.5 / 6.2 km14 kmNew Zealand
Sun, 6 Oct 2019
Sun, 6 Oct 11:11 UTCM 0.6 / 0.1 km17 kmNew Zealand
Sun, 6 Oct 11:11 UTCM 0.4 / 8.5 km18 kmNew Zealand
View all recent quakes
Tongariro volcano is a large complex volcano with about 12 craters and vents, including the steep stratovolcano Ngauruhoe, which is the focus of most activity in recent times.
Tongariro with its colorful crater lakes, hot springs, fumaroles, numerous cones and lava deserts is one of the major tourist attractions of the North Island, and the famous "Tongariro crossing" is generally regarded as one of the most scenic hikes in the world.

Background:

Tongariro is a large andesitic volcanic massif, located immediately NE of Ruapehu volcano, that is composed of more than a dozen composite cones constructed over a period of 275,000 years.
Vents along a NE-trending zone extending from Saddle Cone (below Ruapehu volcano) to Te Mari crater (including vents at the present-day location of Ngauruhoe) were active during a several hundred year long period around 10,000 years ago, producing the largest known eruptions at the Tongariro complex during the Holocene. North Crater stratovolcano, one of the largest features of the massif, is truncated by a broad, shallow crater filled by a solidified lava lake that is cut on the NW side by a small explosion crater.
The youngest cone of the complex, Ngauruhoe, has grown to become the highest peak of the massif since its birth about 2500 years ago. The symmetrical, steep-sided Ngauruhoe, along with its neighbor Ruapehu to the south, have been New Zealand's most active volcanoes during historical time.

6 August 2012 eruption
A brief but violent phreatic eruption occurred at 23:50 local time on 6 August from new vents near the Te Mari crater of Tongariro.
The explosion followed several weeks of increased earthquakes under the volcano. It produced a 7 km tall ash plume and threw ballistic blocks of up to 1 m diameter to 1.5-2 km distance.

An interesting news article with eyewitness accounts and other information: First Tongariro eruption in over 100 years ...more

Latest satellite images


See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8

More on VolcanoDiscovery:

Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.