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Latest news:

Monday, Jun 15, 2020
On 14 June at 16:32 local time an earthquake with magnitude M 3.4 was detected by the seismic network in the Bardarbunga caldera, one aftershock of M 1.2 followed. Tremor has not shown significant variations. read all
Tuesday, Apr 21, 2020
On 20 April at 03:54 local time an earthquake with magnitude M 4.8 were detected by the seismic network in the Bardarbunga caldera, few small aftershocks followed but no volcanic tremor has been detected. ... read all
 

Bardarbunga volcano

Stratovolcano approx. 2000 m / ca. 6,560 ft
Central Iceland, 64.63°N / -17.53°W
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Bardarbunga webcams / live data | Reports
Bardarbunga volcano books
Last update: 15 Jun 2020 (earthquake with magnitude M 3.4)
Typical eruption style: Large effusive eruptions, some explosive activity.
Bardarbunga volcano eruptions: 1080(?), 1159(?), ca. 1210, ca. 1270, ca. 1350, ca. 1410(?), 1477 (very large effusive-explosive eruption), 1697, 1702, 1706, 1712, 1716, 1717, 1720, 1726, 1729, 1739, 1750, 1766, 1769, 1797, 1807(?), 1862-64, 1872(?), 1902-03, 1910, 2014-15 (Holuhraun fissure eruption) Lava fountains from the Holuhraun fissure eruption August 2014
TimeMag. / DepthDistanceLocation
Thu, 9 Jul 2020
Thu, 9 Jul 10:55 UTCM 1.3 / 4.6 km20 km19.5 km NNE of Grímsfjall (Iceland)
Thu, 9 Jul 08:13 UTCM 1.6 / 16.5 km17 km17.2 km ESE of Bárðarbunga (Iceland)
Thu, 9 Jul 08:12 UTCM 1.1 / 2.9 km19 km19.3 km ESE of Bárðarbunga (Iceland)
Wed, 8 Jul 2020
Wed, 8 Jul 21:47 UTCM 0.6 / 16.8 km18 km18.7 km ESE of Bárðarbunga (Iceland)
Tue, 7 Jul 2020
Tue, 7 Jul 07:13 UTCM 2.0 / 5.6 km6 km5.2 km NNE of Bárðarbunga (Iceland)
View all recent quakes
Bardarbunga (Bárðarbunga) is a large central volcano lying underneath Iceland's 500-m thick Vatnajokull glacier in the center of the country. It is located at the junction between the eastern and northern volcanic rift zones in the area where the present-day center of the mantle hot spot beneath Iceland is thought to be.
Bardarbunga has had about 300-400 eruptions during the past 10,000 years which includes only 23 eruptions historic times (approx the past 1000 years), i.e. it seems to erupt currently at rates of approx. twice per century, the last one having occurred in 1910. A massive explosive-effusive eruption (VEI 6) in 1477 resulted in a large ash and pumice fall-out deposit.
Approx 8600 years ago, Bardarbunga produced the largest known lava flow during the past 10,000 years on earth (more than 21 cubic kilometers of volume). The lava was erupted from the Veidivötn fissure system and traveled more than 100 km to the south coast.

Background:

The volcano is hidden beneath the northwestern part of the Vatnajökull glacier, and contains a 700-m-deep caldera that is hidden beneath ice and has extensive flank fissures, from where eruptions have taken place: the Veidivötn fissure extends for over 100 km to the SW, almost reaching Torfajökull volcano, while the Trollagigar fissure extends 50 km to the NE touching Askja volcano.

A major risk from Bárdarbunga are jökulhlaups (glacier-outburst floods), that can be hazardous for areas in all directions around Bárdarbunga.

Bardarbunga Photos:




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See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
 

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