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Volcano Calendar 2019
: We're proud to present our 2019 volcano calendar: 13 different and attractive images of volcanoes, volcanic landscapes and phenomena taken during volcano tours over the past few years.
: "One of the most eye-catching guides to the world’s volcanoes ever published.
: Our professional team of volcanologists and photographers offers unique travel opportunities: volcano expeditions, photo tours, and relaxed walking & study tours.
The Volcano Adventure Guide
: Excellent information and background for anyone wishing to visit active volcanoes safely and enjoyably. The book presents guidelines to visiting 42 different volcanoes around the world.
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Wednesday, Mar 20, 2019
Explosive activity continues. Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) Darwin warned about a volcanic ash plume that rose up to estimated 17000 ft (5200 m) altitude or flight level 170 and is moving at 15 kts in SE direction. ... [more]
Wednesday, Mar 20, 2019
Volcanic Ash Advisory Center Darwin (VAAC) issued the following report: ... [more]
Eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004 (1).
Eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004 (2).
--> more info about the eruption of Bromo on 8 June, 2004.
Satellite image of Bromo
Saltellite image of the Tengger caldera with smoking Bromo in the upper center (white crater floor). (Photo courtesy: ESA Earth Observation)
Zoom onto the cone of Bromo volcano (from the satellite image to the left).
NASA space image of Bromo volcano, located inside the Tengger caldera.
20 Mar 2019 (Volcanic Ash Advisory)Typical eruption style
: Explosive. Frequent small, phreatic eruptions at Bromo cinder cone on the bottom of the caldera.Bromo volcano eruptions
: 1804, 1815, 1820, 1822, 1825, 1829, 1830, 1835, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1858, 1859, 1860, 1865, 1865, 1866, 1867-68, 1877, 1885, 1885-86, 1886, 1886-87, 1888(?), 1890, 1893, 1896, 1906-07, 1907, 1907-08, 1909, 1910, 1915-16, 1921, 1922, 1928, 1930, 1935, 1939, 1940, 1948, 1950, 1955, 1956, 1972, 1980, 1983(?), 1983, 1984, 1995 (March-May), 1995 (Sep-Dec), 2000 (Nov)-20001 (Jan), 2004 (June), Dec 2010 - 2011, Dec 2015 - Feb 2016 - ongoing
|Time||Mag. / Depth||Distance||Location|
|Mon, 11 Mar 2019|
|Mon, 11 Mar 12:58 UTC||M 2.2 / 138 km||14 km||Java, Indonesia|
Mt. Bromo volcano in East Java is the active cone inside the giant Tengger caldera, one of Indonesia's most scenic locations destination in East Java, famous for its magnificient sunrise views and the panorama over the caldera with Semeru volcano in the background.
The 16-km-wide Tengger caldera is located at the northern end of a volcanic massif extending from Semeru volcano. The massive Tengger volcanic complex dates back to about 820,000 years ago and consists of five overlapping stratovolcanoes, each truncated by a caldera. Lava domes, pyroclastic cones, and a maar occupy the flanks of the massif. The Ngadisari caldera at the NE end of the complex formed about 150,000 years ago and is now drained through the Sapikerep Valley. The most recent of the Tengger calderas is the 9 x 10 km wide Sandsea Caldera at the SW end of the complex, which formed incrementally during the late Pleistocene and early Holocene. An overlapping cluster of post-caldera cones was constructed on the floor of the Sandsea Caldera within the last several thousand years. The youngest of these is Bromo, one of Java's most active and most frequently visited volcanoes.
The glowing vent(s) illuminate the diffuse steam and ash plume above Bromo's crater bright red at night. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
A powerful vulcanian-type explosion shakes the ground. Many incandescent bombs are thrown many hundreds of meters into the night sky, and many of them land outside the cr...
Strombolian eruption at Mt. Bromo volcano in Feb 2011 - this photo was selected for the 2012 IAVCEI volcano calendar. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Volcanic trio: Batok cinder cone (foreground), smoking Bromo, and majestic Semeru with an umbrella cloud.
This view of East Java's Tengger caldera (Indonesia) is o...
View onto Bromo crater with a strong strombolian eruption in bright moonlight. The ash, blurred in the long exposure, hides many blocks. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Dense ash clouds are produced by vulcanian-type explosions. In this long exposure night time shot, the ash cloud is blurred against the moon-lit landscape. Bromo's Hindu ...
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