Klyuchevskoy volcano

Stratovolcano 4835 m (15,863 ft)
Kamchatka, 56.06°N / 160.64°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 9 Apr 2021 (flank-to-lateral eruption ended)

Klyuchevskoy volcano (also spelled Kliuchevsky, Klyuchevskaya) is Kamchatka's highest and one of the world's most active volcanoes.
Klyuchevskoy is located in a remote area of the Kamchatka peninsula. It has a large active crater with frequent strombolian and lava fountain eruptions.

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Typical eruption style: Dominantly explosive, strombolian and vulcanian activity, sometimes lava flows from fissure vents. At present in a phase of near-persistant activity.
Klyuchevskoy volcano eruptions: 1697-98, 1720-21, 1727-31, 1737, 1740, 1762, 1767, 1770, 1772, 1785, 1787, 1788, 1789-90, 1791, 1807, 1812, 1813, 1819-22, 1829, 1840, 1848, 1852, 1853-54, 1865, 1877, 1878, 1879, 1882, 1883, 1890, 1896-97, 1890, 1896-97, 1898, 1904, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1913, 1915, 1922, 1923, 1925, 1926, 1929, 1931, 1932, 1935-36, 1937-39, 1944-1945, 1946, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1953, 1954, 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960-63, 1963-64, 1965-1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1971-73, 1974, 1977-80, 1981, 1982, 1982-83, 1984-85, 1986, 1986-90, 1991, 1992, 1992-93, 1994-95, 1996-97, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2002-04, 2005 - ongoing

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Background

Since its origin about 6000 years ago, the beautifully symmetrical, 4835-m-high basaltic stratovolcano has produced frequent moderate-volume explosive and effusive eruptions without major periods of inactivity. Kliuchevskoi rises above a saddle NE of sharp-peaked Kamen volcano and lies SE of the broad Ushkovsky massif. More than 100 flank eruptions have occurred at Kliuchevskoi during the past roughly 3000 years, with most lateral craters and cones occurring along radial fissures between the unconfined NE-to-SE flanks of the conical volcano between 500 m and 3600 m elevation. The morphology of its 700-m-wide summit crater has been frequently modified by historical eruptions, which have been recorded since the late-17th century. Historical eruptions have originated primarily from the summit crater, but have also included numerous major explosive and effusive eruptions from flank craters.
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Source: Klyuchevsky information by the GVP (Smithsonian Institution)

Klyuchevskoy Photos

Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow and Kamen volcano (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow and Kamen volcano (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
Panorama of 4 volcanoes (l-r): Ushkovsky, Klyuchevskoy, Kamen and Bezymianny seen from the plateau north of Tolbachik. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Panorama of 4 volcanoes (l-r): Ushkovsky, Klyuchevskoy, Kamen and Bezymianny seen from the plateau north of Tolbachik. (Photo: Tom Pfeiffer)
Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
Erupting Klyuchevskoy volcano, Kamchatka, with the new lava flow (Sep 2013) (Photo: Sergey Krasnoshchokov)
 



Klyuchevskoy volcano tours:
Kamchatka - Land of Colors (volcano expedition to Kamchatka)

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
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