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Volcanoes of Kamchatka

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Volcanoes of Kamchatka

The Kamchatka Peninsula (Russia) is one of the most volcanically active volcanic places on earth, second only perhaps to Iceland and Hawaii. In this part of the Pacific "Ring of Fire", there are over 100 active volcanoes (the Smithsonian Institution lists 109) and about 30 volcanoes that have erupted recently, in addition to hundreds of smaller monogenetic vents (i.e. that have formed during one single eruption)
The active volcanoes form a 700-km long volcanic belt from Shiveluch in the north to Kambalny in the south. The vigorous volcanism on Kamchatka, like that of the adjacent Aleutian and Kurile island arcs, is produced by the subduction of the Pacific plate under the E margin of the Eurasian plate.
During the past 10,000 years, at least about 30 very large (so-called Plinian) eruptions have occurred in Kamchatka, i.e. eruptions that have ejected more than 1 cubic kilometer of magma. With this record, Kamchatka is by far the place on earth with the greatest frequency of large explosive eruptions.
The most active volcanoes on Kamchatka are Klyuchevsky, Shiveluch, Karymsky and Bezymianny.
Tectonic map of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kurile islands. Red triangles show active volcanoes. (Map created using the UNAVCO / Voyager map tool, featuring Face of the Earth)
Tectonic map of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kurile islands. Red triangles show active volcanoes. (Map created using the UNAVCO / Voyager map tool, featuring Face of the Earth)
Map of Kamchatka's major active volcanoes (basemap: NASA).
Map of Kamchatka's major active volcanoes (basemap: NASA).

Latest news:

Fri, 25 Nov 2022, 04:42

Klyuchevskoy volcano (Kamchatka): heat anomaly within summit vent continues, alert status raised to yellow

Night-time glowing steam from the summit vent at Klyuchevskoy volcano on 20 Nov (image: Yu. Demyanchuk)
Weak strombolian activity at the volcano continues. ... Read all
Wed, 23 Nov 2022, 15:00

Sheveluch volcano (Central Kamchatka, Russia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 16 November-22 November 2022 (Continuing Activity)

KVERT reported that the ongoing eruption at Sheveluch during 11-17 November was generally characterized by explosions, hot avalanches, lava-dome extrusion, and strong fumarolic activity. A daily thermal anomaly was identified in satellite images. Collapses generated hot avalanches and ash plumes that drifted 85 km ENE during 13-14, and 16-17 November. ... Read all
Wed, 23 Nov 2022, 15:00

Karymsky volcano (Eastern Kamchatka, Russia) - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for 16 November-22 November 2022 (Continuing Activity)

KVERT reported that a thermal anomaly at Karymsky was identified in satellite images on 13 and 15-17 November. Gas-and-steam emissions persisted. The Aviation Color Code remained at Yellow (the second lowest level on a four-color scale). ... Read all
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