Volcanoes of Saudi Arabia (13)

Al Harrah | Harrat 'Uwayrid | Harrat al Birk | Harrat ar Rahah | Harrat Hutaymah | Harrat Ithnayn | Harrat Khaybar | Harrat Kishb | Harrat Lunayyir | Harrat Rahat | Jabal Baqarah | Jabal Yar | Jibal al Haylah
Saudi Arabia has active volcanoes in the west and northwest of the country. Volcanic activity is related to hot spot activity on the Arabian Plate which was uplifted on the eastern side of the Red Sea rift.
The basaltic lava fields in the western part of the country are called harrats. They cover about 180,000 square km and extend from Turkey to Yemen in the south.

Volcano list

Al Harrah

(volcanic field 1100 m / 3,609 ft)
Al Harrah volcano is a large basaltic volcanic field in NW Saudi Arabia near the Jordanian border. It comprises 15,200 sq km of basalt lava flows and forms the southern third of the Harrat Ash Shamah volcanic field, which extends from Syria through Jordan into northern Saudi Arab... [more]

Harrat 'Uwayrid

(volcanic field 1920 m / 6,299 ft)
Harrat 'Uwayrid volcano is one of several basaltic volcanic fields in western Arabia, located 120 km east of the Red Sea. The field contains vast lava flows, scoria cones and tuff cones in a NW-SE aligned 125 km long area. To the NW, it joins with the Harrat ar Rahat volcanic fie... [more]

Harrat al Birk

(volcanic field 381 m / 1,250 ft)
Harrat al Birk volcano (also known as Harrat Hayil or Hubhub al Sheikh) is the only young volcanic field of Western Arabia located directly at the Red Sea coast, west of the town of Abha, and between the Tihamat ash Sham and Tihamat 'Asir coastal plains.
It consists of 180... [more]

Harrat ar Rahah

(volcanic field 1950 m / 6,398 ft)
Harrat ar Rahah is the northernmost of a series of young basaltic volcanic fields in western Saudi Arabia arranged parallel to the Red Sea. It is located south of the Plain of El-'Hisma, south of the town of Tabuk.
The field contains mainly large olivine-bearing basalt lava... [more]

Harrat Hutaymah

(Volcanic field unknown)

Harrat Ithnayn

(volcanic field 1625 m / 5,331 ft)
Harrat Ithnayn volcano is volcanic field of 4000 sq km size in western Saudi Arabia north of the Harrat Khaybar volcanic field. It consists of various shield volcanoes and scoria cones, and contains large basalt flows with lava caves.
The youngest lava flows from Harrat Ith... [more]

Harrat Khaybar

(volcanic field 2093 m / 6,867 ft)
A volcano of the Harrat Khaybar volcanic field (Photo: Paul Nicholson)
A volcano of the Harrat Khaybar volcanic field (Photo: Paul Nicholson)
Harrat Khaybar volcano one of Arabia's largest volcanic fields and covers more than 14,000 square km 65 km NE of Al Madinah (Medina) in western Saudi Arabia. It contains a 100 km long N-S oriented line of volcanic vents including scoria cones, lava domes, maars, basalt lava flows... [more]

Harrat Kishb

(volcanic field 1475 m / 4,839 ft)
Harrat Kishb volcano is a 5900 sq km volcanic field in central Saudi Arabia, east of the other N-S-trending chain of Harrats.
The volcanic field contains basaltic scoria cones, tuff rings, maars, lava domes and lava flows. [more]

Harrat Lunayyir

(volcanic field 1370 m / 4,495 ft)
Harrat Lunayyir volcano is a volcanic field in western Saudi Arabia east of the Red Sea port of Umm Lajj. The basaltic field contains about 50 cinder cones and lava flows aligned N-S. Two of the lava flows have reached the Red Sea.
An eruption has probably occurred in the 1... [more]

Harrat Rahat

(volcanic field 1744 m / 5,722 ft)
Harrat Rahat is Saudi Arabia's largest lava field and comprises an area of 20,000 sq km, extending for 300 km at an average width of 60 km south of the holy city of Al Madinah (Medina).
Historic eruptions have occurred near Medina, notably one in 1256 AD. [more]

Jabal Baqarah

(Cone 331 m / 1086 ft)

Jabal Yar

(volcanic field 305 m / 1,001 ft)
Jabal Yar volcano is a small volcanic field, the southernmost of Saudi Arabia, located along the Red Sea coast close to the border with Yemen.
The field contains 3 groups of volcanoes, Qummatain, Djar'atain-Harra and 'Ukwatain. Hot springs occur south of Djar'atain and bet... [more]

Jibal al Haylah

(Cone 761 m / 2497 ft)
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