Gamkonora volcano

Stratovolcano 1635 m / 5,364 ft
Halmahera, Indonesien, 1.38°N / 127.52°E
Current status: normal or dormant (1 out of 5)
Last update: 4 Jun 2016

The 1635 m high stratovolcano fo Gamkonora is the highest peak on Halmahera.
It has had shifting shifting eruption centers that have produced an elongated series of summit craters along a N-S trending rift. Young-looking lava flows originate near the cones of Gunung Alon and Popolojo, south of Gamkonora.

Since its first recorded eruption in the 16th century, Gamkonora has typically produced small-to-moderate explosive eruptions. Its largest historical eruption, in 1673, was accompanied by tsunamis that inundated villages and killed many people.
---
Source: GVP, Smithsonian Institution

Show interactive Map
[hide map] [enlarge]
Typical eruption style: Explosive.
Gamkonora volcano eruptions: 1564, 1673 (possibly very large Plinian eruption), 1885, 1911, 1917, 1926, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1981, 1987, 2007, 2013

Latest nearby earthquakes

TimeMag. / DepthDistance/Location
Wed, 16 Jun 2021 (GMT) (1 earthquake)
16 Jun 2021 19:42:06 GMT
2.5

10 km
30 km (19 mi)
91 km northeast of Ternate, North Maluku, Indonesia
Fri, 11 Jun 2021 (GMT) (2 earthquakes)
12 Jun 8:12 am (GMT +9) (11 Jun 2021 23:12:39 GMT)
4.5

137 km
47 km (29 mi)
Molucca Sea, 50 km northwest of Ternate, North Maluku, Indonesia
11 Jun 2021 18:51:27 GMT
3.6

150 km
41 km (25 mi)
Molucca Sea, 41 km north of Ternate, North Maluku, Indonesia


2007 eruption
A phreatic eruption occurred at Gamkonora volcano on 8 July 2007, producing an 800 m high ash plume and causing light ash fall in up to 7 km distance downwind in the villages Gamkonora, Tobelos, Sarau, Talaga and Bataka. In the following days incandescent material was observed ejected 50 m above the crater, and ash emissions reached altitudes of 4 km. The eruption promted the evacuation of 8000 residents living near the volcano.

1987 eruption
On 13 April 1987, ash eruptions occurred at Gamkorona and ash clouds reached a height of 700 m above the crater. Small explosions were noted also on 21, 24, 25, and 26 April, producing minor ashfall in the immediate surroundings of the volcano. There are no reports of damage or evacuations.

1981 eruptions
Gamkonora volcano erupted on 19 July 1981 with explosions producing ash. Ash plumes reached 700 m above the crater and ash fell in up to 5 km distance south of the volcano. Over 3500 people were evacuated from nearby villages. On 22 July, incandescence was observed from the crater and explosions were accompanied by booming noises heard in a village at the NNW foot of the volcano in 5 km distance.
After the eruption was declared to be small and not posing immediate threats by Indonesian volcanologists, the evacuated returned to their homes.

See also: Sentinel hub | Landsat 8
Show more

Try our free app!
Volcanoes & Earthquakes - new app for Android
Android | iOS version

More on VolcanoDiscovery

Why is there advertising on this site?
Support us - Help us upgrade our services!
We truly love working to bring you the latest volcano and earthquake data from around the world. Maintaining our website and our free apps does require, however, considerable time and resources.
We need financing to increase hard- and software capacity as well as support our editor team. We're aiming to achieve uninterrupted service wherever an earthquake or volcano eruption unfolds, and your donations can make it happen! Every donation will be highly appreciated. If you find the information useful and would like to support our team in integrating further features, write great content, and in upgrading our soft- and hardware, please make a donation (PayPal or Online credit card payment).

Planned features:
  • Weather reports
  • Tsunami alerts
  • Design upgrades
  • Faster responsiveness
Thanks to your past donations, these features have been added recently:
  • Earthquake archive from 1900 onwards
  • Additional seismic data sources
  • Improved content in English
Download and Upgrade the Volcanoes & Earthquakes app to get one of the fastest seismic and volcano alerts online:
Android | IOS
Thank you!
Copyrights: VolcanoDiscovery and other sources as noted.
Use of material: Most texts and images, in particular photographs, on this website are protected by copyright. Further reproduction and use of without authorization is usually not consented. If you are not sure or need licensing rights for photographs, for example for publications and commercial use, please contact us.