Volcanoes of Costa Rica

Arenal | Barva | Cerro Chopo | Cerro las Mercedes | Cerro San Miguel | Cerro Tilaran | Durika | Irazu | Isla del Coco | Laguna Poco Sol | Lomas de Colorado | Lomas de Sierpe | Los Perdidos | Miravalles | Orosí | Platanar | Poas | Rincón de la Vieja | Tenorio | Tortuguero | Turrialba
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Costa Rica is a small country but has a lot of active volcanoes aligned like pearls on a chain, caused by the NE subduction of the Pacific tectonic plate under the Carribean plate. Among the country's most active volcanoes are Arenal, Poás and Irazú volcanoes.

Volcano list


(Stratovolcano 1657 m / 5,436 ft)
Arenal volcano seen from Rio Caliente
Arenal volcano seen from Rio Caliente
Arenal, a major tourist attraction in Costa Rica, is one of the most active volcanoes of Central America. Since a major eruption in 1968, it has been in near-continuous activity building a lava dome and displaying mild explosive activity from the summit crater. [more]


(Complex volcano 2906 m / 9,534 ft)

Cerro Chopo

(Pyroclastic cone 402 m / 1319 ft)

Cerro las Mercedes

(Pyroclastic cone 190 m / 623 ft)

Cerro San Miguel

(Lava dome 414 m / 1358 ft)

Cerro Tilaran

(Shield 634 m / 2080 ft)


(Lava dome(s) 3257 m / 10686 ft)


(Stratovolcano 3432 m / 11,260 ft)
Irazú (3432 m) immediately east of the capital San José is Costa Rica's highest and one of its most active volcanoes. Tephra fall (ash) during the last major eruption of Irazú in 1963-65 caused heavy damage to infrastructure and life in San José and its surroundings. [more]

Isla del Coco

(Shield 575 m / 1886 ft)

Laguna Poco Sol

(Explosion crater(?) 789 m / 2589 ft)

Lomas de Colorado

(Shield(s) 229 m / 751 ft)

Lomas de Sierpe

(Shield(s) 311 m / 1020 ft)

Los Perdidos

(Caldera 1357 m / 4452 ft)


(Stratovolcano 2028 m / 6,653 ft)


(Stratovolcanoes 1659 m / 5,443 ft)


(Stratovolcanoes 2267 m / 7,438 ft)


(Stratovolcano 2708 m (8,884 ft))
Poás is one of Costa Rica´s most active volcanoes, and one of its most frequently visited and prominent ones. It contains a green acid crater lake and during some of its frequent phreatic eruptions, water from the lake is ejected like a geyser. [more]

Rincón de la Vieja

(Complex volcano 1916 m (6,286 ft))
Rincón de la Vieja is the largest volcano in NW Costa Rica and one of its most active ones. [more]


(Stratovolcanoes 1916 m / 6,286 ft)


(Pyroclastic cone 119 m / 390 ft)


(Stratovolcano 3340 m (10,958 ft))
Turrialba volcano seen from Irazu
Turrialba volcano seen from Irazu
Turrialba (3340 m) is the easternmost of Costa Rica's active volcanoes. It is a large stratovolcano with a complex of 3 summit craters and its flanks mostly covered by farmland and forest. vegetation. After its previous eruption in 1866, signs of unrest started in 2006 and new ph... [more]
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